2018年4月24日星期二

Changeover from acoustic to optic mode phonon emission by a hot two-dimensional electron gas in the gallium arsenide/aluminium gallium arsenide heterojunction

The authors have used heat pulse techniques to study the energy relaxation of a hot two-dimensional electron gas (2 DEG) in a GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction. The 2 DEG was heated by applying short ( approximately=100 ns) electrical pulses to the drain-source contacts of the device. The electrons lost energy by emitting phonons which were detected by a CdS bolometer on the opposite side of the GaAs substrate. A change in the nature of the phonon signal occurring at an excitation level of about 5 pW per electron indicated a change in the phonon emission process. The corresponding electron temperature, Te, at which optic phonon emission is expected to become the dominant energy relaxation process was estimated to be about 60 K. At powers well below the change-over, the authors found that the energy loss rate per electron, Pe, due to acoustic phonon emission is proportional to Te3. At much higher powers, Pe varies as exp(-h(cross) omega LO/kTe), where h(cross) omega LO is the longitudinal optic phonon energy. They obtained a value of 3.3 ps for the electron-optic phonon scattering time, which is consistent with the range of values found in the literature.

Source:IOPscience

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